Adsorption From Aqueous Solutions - download pdf or read online

By Donald Langmuir (auth.), P. H. Tewari (eds.)

ISBN-10: 1461332648

ISBN-13: 9781461332640

ISBN-10: 1461332664

ISBN-13: 9781461332664

Adsorption from aqueous options is critical in lots of tech­ nological components, like water purification, mineral beneficiation, soil conservation, detergency, and lots of components of biology. lately, adsorption of radionuclides from aqueous strategies has turn into the point of interest of realization in assessing the flow of radionuclides via a geologic medium from underground radioactive waste repositor ies. This quantity presents a multidisciplinary review of present paintings within the region of adsorption from aqueous suggestions, and experiences the growth that has been made within the theoretical versions for assessing adsorption. Adsorption of heavy steel ions and the influence of complicated formation is taken care of generally, as are the consequences of floor chemical houses of the adsorbent, resolution pH, and thermodynamic parameters very important within the adsorption method. Adsorption of insecticides and natural polymeric species on diverse adsorbents are incorporated and implications of adsorption of ions on dental fabrics are mentioned. additionally incorporated are stories of the adsorption of radionuclides by way of geologic media less than environmental stipulations. The examine of the chemical nature of the adsorbed species on the floor by means of X-ray photoelectron spectro­ sc.opy which frequently offers mechanistic details for the adsorption procedure is integrated for adsorbed steel ions on clay and mineral surfaces.

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7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. A. Jenne, Chemical modeling - goals, problems, approaches and priorities, in "Chemical Modeling in Aqueous Systems Speciation, Sorption, Solubility and Kinetics", Ed. A. S. Symposium series No. 93, Washington, DC, 1979. W. G. Dillard, Geochemica et Cosmo chemica Acta 43:781 (1979). H. W. Dillard, J. Colloid Interface Sci. 66:345 (1978). H. Tewari and W. Lee, J. Colloid Interface Sci. 52:77 (1975). H. S. McIntyre, "Characterization of Adsorbed Cobalt at the Oxide/Water Interface", AIChE Symposium Series 71:150 (1975).

67:219 (1978). K. Hachiya, M. Ashida, M. Sasaki, H. Kan, T. Inoue and T. Yasunaga, J. Phys. Chem. 83:1866 (1979). G. Scatchard, New York Acad. Sciences 57:660 (1949). M. Visca and E. Matijevic, J. Colloid Interface Sci. 68:308 (1979). E. Matijevic and P. Scheiner, J. Colloid Interface Sci. 63:509 (1978). E. S. B. Melville, J. Colloid Interface Sci. 50:567 (1975). R. Demchak and E. }~tijevic, J. Colloid Interface Sci. 31:257 (1969). B. Scott and E. Matijevic, J. ColI. Interface Sci. 66:447 (1978) .

60 40 10 2 M 20 fcJ mV 0 - 20 - 40 3 LlpK x 6 LlpKa -60 -80 C1 C2 -3 100 20 -2 -1 1 0 2 3 LlpH FIGURE 7 Calculations of the zeta potential (~ = ~d) of a model amphoteric colloid B (~pKa = 6) as a function of pH at a number of ionic strengths. of colloid C in Table 3. However, the calculated values of 0 0 and ~d(s) for colloid B are much more in line with experimental data. In addition to the intrinsic ionization constants, this type of computer model requires values to be assigned to the interfacial capacitances Cl and C2.

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Adsorption From Aqueous Solutions by Donald Langmuir (auth.), P. H. Tewari (eds.)

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