Download PDF by Stephen T. Newmyer: Animals, Rights and Reason in Plutarch and Modern Ethics

By Stephen T. Newmyer

ISBN-10: 0415240468

ISBN-13: 9780415240468

ISBN-10: 0415240476

ISBN-13: 9780415240475

This groundbreaking quantity explores Plutarch's distinct survival within the argument that animals are rational and sentient, and that we, as people, needs to take become aware of in their interests.

Exploring Plutarch's 3 animal-related treatises, in addition to passages from his moral treatises, Stephen Newmyer examines arguments that, strikingly, foreshadow these present in the works of such well-known animal rights philosophers as Peter Singer and Tom Regan.

Unique in viewing Plutarch’s critiques not just within the context of old philosophical and moral via, but in addition as a substitute within the heritage of animal rights hypothesis, Animals Rights and Reasons issues out how remarkably Plutarch differs from such anti-animal thinkers because the Stoics.

Classicists, philosophers, animal-welfare scholars and readers will all locate this publication a useful and informative addition to their reading.

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Example text

Praeclare Chrysippus cetera nata esse hominum causa et deorum, eos autem communitatis et societatis suae, ut bestiis homines uti ad utilitatem suam possint sine iniuria. At the same time, in his presentation of the Stoic position here, Cicero hints, certainly unintentionally, at the peculiar ambiguity that the Stoic view of animals entailed which forced them to regard them as a necessary evil, a class of beings to which humans can owe nothing but which is at the same time absolutely essential to their lifestyle.

95 Autobulus argues against hunting precisely because it deadens any human inclination toward this benevolence. Man thinks nothing of killing for pleasure, which renders him immune to pity (πρ ς ο κτον καμπ ς, 959E). This Plutarchan sensitivity, while seldom encountered in ancient sources, has become increasingly prominent in modern discussions of the ethics of hunting, and it is nowhere more eloquently expressed than in the words that close Cartmill’s history of the practice, “Throughout Western history, the hunt has been defined as a confrontation between the human world and the wild.

In his life of Zeno, Diogenes Laertius informs us that the founder of the school defined emotion, or π θος (pathos) as an irrational movement of the soul, or as an excessive impulse ( στι δ α τ τ π θος κατ Z νωνα λογος κα παρ φ σιν ψυχ ς κ νησις κα ρμ πλεον ζουσα, VII. 110). He elaborates the Stoic position by observing that the school further regarded emotion as entailing a kind of judgment, or κρ σις (krisis) (δοκε δ’ α το ς τ π θη κρ σις ε ναι, VII. 111). The emotion of avarice, for example, is a judgment that money is a good thing.

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Animals, Rights and Reason in Plutarch and Modern Ethics by Stephen T. Newmyer

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