By John S. Gilkeson
This ebook examines the intersection of cultural anthropology and American cultural nationalism from 1886, while Franz Boas left Germany for the us, till 1965, whilst the nationwide Endowment for the arts was once proven. 5 chapters hint the improvement inside of educational anthropology of the suggestions of tradition, social category, nationwide personality, worth, and civilization, and their dissemination to non-anthropologists. As american citizens got here to consider tradition anthropologically, as a "complex entire" a ways broader and extra inclusive than Matthew Arnold's "the top which has been concept and said," so, too, did they arrive to work out American groups as stratified into social periods amazing via their subcultures; to characteristic the making of the yank personality to socialization instead of delivery; to find the uniqueness of yank tradition in its subconscious canons of selection; and to view American tradition and civilization in an international point of view.
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Extra info for Anthropologists and the Rediscovery of America, 1886-1965
Corn, The Great American Thing: Modern Art and National Identity, 1915–1935 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1999). Shumway, Creating American Civilization, 149, 193, 133, 143; Robert E. Spiller, ‘‘History of a History: A Study in Cooperative Scholarship,’’ PMLA 89 (1974): 604–608. Spiller, ‘‘History of a History,’’ 604 (emphasis in original); Shumway, Creating American Civilization, 168–171, 195, 243. : Harvard University Press, 1967); and Kermit Vanderbilt, American Literature and the Academy: The Roots, Growth, and Maturity of a Profession (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1986).
45 Cultures and particular societies did not become the subject matter of American anthropology until Franz Boas installed a pluralistic, relativistic, holistic, integrated, and historically conditioned conception of culture at the core of the discipline in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. Indeed, as George W. , has shown, the roots of the culture concept that Kroeber and Kluckhohn sought to codify in 1952 lay more in Boas’s critique of evolutionary anthropology than in Tylor’s 1871 omnibus definition of culture.
Rydell, All the World’s a Fair: Visions of Empire at American International Expositions, 1876–1916 (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1984), 55–60. , Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1960), 6. George W. , ‘‘Matthew Arnold, E. B. Tylor, and the Uses of Invention,’’ in Race, Culture, and Evolution: Essays in the History of Anthropology (New York: Free Press, 1968), 86–90; George W. , ‘‘Tylor, Edward Burnett,’’ International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences (New York: Macmillan, 1979), 16:170–177; George W.
Anthropologists and the Rediscovery of America, 1886-1965 by John S. Gilkeson